While enthralling with the scenic natural wonders in Sri Lanka, travelers tend to visit and observe the splendid grandeur of Sri Lankan rich culture and heritage. Element cities of cultural triangle Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa and Kandy are featured with Buddhist Temples, Sculptures, Ancient Monasteries and Stupas. Some of these ancient places are named as UNESCO World Heritage sites in order to preserve their value to the next generations. Let’s have an overview of the Sri Lanka cultural tours and the cultural triangle of Sri Lanka.
Sri Lanka’s rich culture and history drawback to over 2500 years. The ancient city of Anuradhapura holds a remarkable spot in Sri Lankan culture. The heritage city of Anuradhapura has founded in the year 380 BC and was the island’s first ancient capital. The city depicts the grand and resplendent civilization and architecture of ancient Sri Lanka. Most of the kings who ruled Sri Lanka resided in this giant city and developed a number of irrigational and architectural wonders in related to Buddhism and Sri Lankan prehistoric lifestyles and cultures.
The Eight Great Places which is known as “Atamasthana” in Anuradhapura include the Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi, Ruwanwelisaya, Thuparamaya, Lovamahapaya, Jetawanarama, Abhayagiri Dagaba, Mirisaveti Stupa and Lankarama. There are other structures such as the Isurumuniya, Kuttam Pokuna which portray the magnitude of the realm and its honor for Buddhism. These places are respected by many local devotees throughout the year. Travelers around the globe appear in numbers to Anuradhapura to witness the Sri Lankan culture and heritage.
Polonnaruwa is the second most prestigious cultural highlight after Anuradhapura. Invading armies from South India captured and conquered the city for a long time. King Parakramabahu defeated the invaders and brought a golden era to the city and the country by upgrading the lifestyle and culture of the community. Efficient irrigation systems, temples, giant palaces and city planning are some of the significant factors that improved the value and the beauty of the city.
Some of the reputed and most visited attractions of this stately city include the Statue of King Parakramabahu, the Polonnaruwa Medirigiriya Vatadage, the Rankoth Vehera and the Gal Viharaya. The giant lake which is known as Parakrama Samudraya is an irrigational wonder in Sri Lankan history. It is the lifeline of paddy cultivation in the entire Polonnaruwa district. Sightseeing enthusiasts, backpackers, explorers around the world arrive here to observe this magnificent historical masterpiece. International and local travel agent pick this destination as a key itinerary in their cultural tours in Sri Lanka.
Dambulla resides among top 5 in the list of heritage places in Sri Lanka, which is well known for the largest cave temple complex in Sri Lanka. Ancient Dambulla cave temple located 72 Kilometers away from the Kandy city. Due to its prestigious and historical value, the destination is considered as one of the world heritage sites in Sri Lanka by UNESCO. According to the archaeological stats, there are a number of 80 documented caves have found out which was belonging to the range of temples. At the moment, major attractions of the cave temple spread only over 5 caves. Inside the caves around the temple, there are paintings and statues that are related to the life of Lord Buddha and his teachings. Buddhist devotees and tourists arrive here at the world heritage Dambulla in Sri Lanka to discover this fascinating historic monument.
Sigiriya, The most famous and bucket list traveling destination of worldwide travel lovers. It is among the top of most visited historical places in Sri Lanka. Sigiriya (the Lion Rock) was the fortress of Emperor King Kashyapa. Some historical records state that it was built in King Rawana’s age and King Kashyapa modified it after some time. Well planned and structured garden with ponds and water fountains is found at the entrance. Further, it is well known for its preserved frescoes on the mirror wall. Ruins of the palace complex are found on top of the rock. The buildings and gardens of Sigiriya showcase the amazing architecture, creativity, and technology that ancient Sri Lankans possessed. Considering this uniqueness of Sigiriya UNESCO declared it a World Heritage site.
Unlike other cultural places, Sigiriya is free from any costume or photography constrains. You can visit and explore this place as you wish and comfy with. But taking photographs inside frescoes chamber is prohibited. Pidurangala is another giant peak which is located close to the Sigiriya. Summit of Pidurangala rock is the perfect place to witness the incredible and spectacular view of the Sigiriya rock.
Pidurangala is another giant peak which is located close to the Sigiriya. Summit of Pidurangala rock is the perfect place to witness the incredible and spectacular view of the Sigiriya rock. Aliya resort is one of the best hotel to stay around Sigiriya.
Kandy is known as the hill country capital of Sri Lanka. It is the religious and administrative capital of the Central Province as well the cultural capital of Sri Lanka. The city is mainly reputed for the Dalada Maligawa which houses the relic of the tooth of Buddha, an object of respect for World Buddhists. National Museum of Kandy, the Lankatilaka Temple, the Gadaladeniya Temple, Bahirawa Kanda, the Royal Palace Park and the Bogambara Lake are some of the major cultural attractions around the city.
Dalada Perahera which is also called as Kandy Esala Perahera is the most charming cultural highlight of the year. The festival falls in the month of August. It is a combination of Sri Lankan aesthetic cultural varieties and a religious offering to the most sacred tooth relic of Lord Buddha. Giant tuskers, colorful dancers, fire workers, and many other diverse cultural items display in the festival.
Read – Kandy Travel Guide
Yahahuwa is located 112 km away from Colombo in the North-Western province of Sri Lanka, midway between Kurunegala and Anuradhapura. History stated that after the collapse of Polonnaruwa, ancient kings moved Yapahuwa with the sacred tooth relic of Lord Buddha. Then, King Buwanekabahu built the Royal residence and the Temple of Tooth Relic in Yapahuwa. This Royal Residence was able to preserve some interesting remains with a giant steep staircase and few statues of lions. Residing inside the cultural triangle of Sri Lanka, Yapahuwa create a good halting point between Kandy and Anuradhapura to embrace with a magnitude cultural feeling and everlasting 360 views of nature.